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The Casino Environment

Just before the current economic downturn, commercial casinos gathered at least $30 billion in revenues each and every 12 months from 2005 by means of During this period, US casino owners created new services and expanded the dimension of their existing services. As a outcome of the financial downturn, new US professional on line casino construction has arrive to a screeching halt and casino operators are now targeted on current facility cost reduction.

The Area 179(D) Tax Provisions

Progressively, on line casino operators are getting gain of the EPAct IRC area 179(D) professional creating strength effectiveness tax provisions, which have been extended by way of 2013. EPAct tax deductions are available for qualifying power reductions in lights, HVAC(heating, air flow, and air conditioning), and developing envelope. (Building envelope is made up of the building’s basis, walls, roof, home windows, and doorways, all of which manage the circulation of strength in between the inside and exterior of the building.)

The Nature of Casino Properties

Business casinos typically encompass lodge resorts, which offer attractive offers of services for their corporate and household customers. Casinos are especially suited to EPAct since of their huge gaming flooring, hotel occupancy rooms, assembly halls, and parking garages. Each of these functions typically consumes massive square footage and the EPAct benefit has a possible for up to sixty cents per square foot for every of the a few measures described above. Some of the smallest industrial casinos are about fifty,000 square toes while most American casinos are generally more than 100,000 sq. toes. One particular of the biggest ones, MGM Grand on the Las Vegas strip is almost 2 million square ft. Lodges themselves are the most favored of Part 179 constructing classification. (See “Resorts and Motels Most Favored Vitality Policy Act Tax Homes”)

It is common to feel of commercial casinos as positioned in two states Nevada and New Jersey. Although it is true that these two states have the biggest business on line casino revenues, there are twelve states with professional casinos in the United States, the other commercial casino states are: Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Pennsylvania, and South Dakota. Users of the American Gaming Affiliation have publicized some of their commitments to energy reduction. Reporting casinos include Boyd Gaming Corporation, Harrah’s Enjoyment, Inc., and MGM Mirage. They have assignments which incorporate important strength financial savings by means of cogeneration, ERV(power restoration air flow), more effective HVAC units, replacing incandescent lights with vitality efficient lightings, home windows with strength efficient day lights programs, solar thermal storage and several other power saving initiatives.

The fundamental rule set to qualify for the Segment 179D lights tax deduction helps make casinos and especially casino resorts the most favored property group for the tax incentive. The rule established requires at least a 25% watts-for every-sq. foot reduction as in comparison to the 2001 ASHRAE (American Culture of Heating Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers) constructing power code regular. Complete tax deduction is attained with a 40% watts-per-square foot reduction in comparison to the ASHRAE 2001 regular. The ASHRAE 2004 hotel/motel creating code normal calls for 40% wattage reduction, which implies that any lodge or motel lighting set up that meets that developing code prerequisite will routinely qualify for the greatest EPAct tax deduction.

Occupancy Rooms

For most other building types, the Section 179D tax provisions need compliance with the bi-amount switching necessity. The comparison is often dependent on wired relatively than plug-in lights. Casino lodge occupancy rooms have a significant advantage in that they usually use plug-in lights, and since these rooms purpose as hotel and motel areas, they are especially excluded from the tax bi-amount switching requirement. Considering that occupant rooms are normally a single of the larger spaces in hotel casinos, casinos are typically in a position to use power productive lighting to produce large EPAct tax deductions for the facility.

Back again of the House Spaces

Casinos often have large kitchen, storage, and laundry (so named back again of the house) spaces that have traditionally used T-12 fluorescent lighting. This lights is so strength inefficient in contrast to modern lights merchandise that it will be unlawful to manufacture in the United States right after July 1, 2010.four As soon as producing of these prior era lighting goods ceases, the cost of replacing these inefficient bulbs will increase. Just said, casinos ought to think about performing now to exchange these lighting fixtures to save equally energy and lamp replacement expenses. The EPAct lights tax incentive can be utilised to handle the options relevant to these lawfully mandated product changes

Ball Rooms, Banquet Rooms and Eating places

These areas of casinos have historically employed designer variety lights that is power inefficient and typically very expensive to sustain and substitute. In certain, changing bulbs and lamps in substantial ceilings is extremely expensive because costly cellular hydraulic system equipment must be rented or acquired to handle the replacements. New lights goods and, in certain, light emitting diode (LED) merchandise, use a portion of the energy and have a a lot lengthier useful life and are now becoming substituted. The blend of big vitality expense reduction, operating price reductions, utility rebates and EPAct tax deductions can greatly improve the economic payback from these much more costly lighting upgrades.

Parking Garages

A lot of casinos have massive adjoining parking garages that can help save considerable energy costs and make big tax deductions by upgrading to strength productive fixtures. In Observe 2008-40 issued March seventh, 2008, the IRS declared that parking garages are a property class that is especially entitled to use the EPAct tax deductions. Also, parking are excluded from the tax bi-stage switching prerequisite. Please see the September, 2008 Worldwide Parking Institute post devoted to parking garages EPAct lights deduction tax opportunities.5

Slot Devices and Gaming Flooring

A single of the greatest energy users on lodge gaming flooring is slot devices. Even though these have been early adapters of fluorescent engineering, even these power productive bulbs generally have to be transformed 3 instances a 12 months simply because of 24/seven functioning hrs. Due to the high labor servicing expenses, on line casino house owners are now transitioning to LED technology in their slot machines. LED’s, while they have greater up front expenses, have higher energy efficiency and significantly longer existence cycle, supplying significant personal savings in labor and maintenance expenses.


Casinos simply because of their typical 24 hour occupancy can obtain substantial vitality price personal savings from vitality effective HVAC methods. In particular, Nevada’s very hot climate additional can make power efficient HVAC a very worthwhile investment decision. Luckily. Nevada with the greatest revenues from casinos has America’s next maximum ability for strength efficiency by way of renewable geothermal power.6 Specified categories of really successful HVAC investments will typically qualify for the HVAC EPAct tax incentive including geothermal and thermal storage.

LEED Casinos

We anticipate to see much more casinos acquire LEED status. (See LEED Constructing Tax Opportunities Article7). In 2008, The Palazzo, Las Vegas Casino became the greatest LEED qualified building and one of the 1st qualified LEED casinos in the US.8 Casinos and hotels uncover that specified types of regular tourists are extremely intrigued in remaining in facilities that have plainly shown they are centered on the surroundings and sustainable style. To turn into LEED qualified, a on line casino should have a constructing strength simulation model developed by a certified engineer. Modeling is also necessary for the EPAct, HVAC and Creating Envelope tax deductions. Experienced tax authorities that know how to make the changes to transform LEED personal computer versions to EPAct tax deduction versions can assess LEED types and establish regardless of whether huge tax deductions are possible. For case in point, a 500,000 square foot LEED casino that qualifies for the greatest EPAct tax deduction will get an fast tax deduction of $900,000 =(five hundred,000*$one.eighty). On line casino owners who realize the magnitude of these positive aspects can use the tax cost savings to aid justify the charges connected to obtaining LEED position.


Casinos due to the fact of their huge subspaces are a favored developing group below the EPAct commercial developing tax deduction laws. Property homeowners who comprehend these possibilities can act during the recent financial downturn to enhance their amenities, decrease functioning expenses and probably turn into LEED licensed facilities.

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